When photographing on any kind of safari, I am never without a wide-angle lens in my camera bag. Despite the fact that I typically take more images using my mid-range and telephoto lenses, I am always looking for opportunities to make use of wide-angle lenses.
By very broad definition, a wide-angle lens for the purpose of this post would be any lens that has a focal length of between 14mm and about 70mm.
Such focal lengths lend themselves to compositions that incorporate much of the surroundings in the frame. This can be a very rewarding style of nature photography.
A twin rainbow framed by fan palm trees in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Canon 5Dmk2, Tokina AT-X 16-28 lens. Shutter speed 1/200sec at f/10.0, Plus 0.33 exp comp. Iso 200
One of the times when I reach for the wide-angle lens, is when there is something out of the ordinary happening in the sky above. In the image above, the twin rainbow stayed bright for long enough that I was able to compose this frame using the palm trees as an added element of interest in the frame. As the sky and the rainbow were the main points of interest in the frame, I made sure to compose accordingly, giving the bulk of the frame over to the sky. I shot the image at 28mm on a full-frame sensor camera.
Alert wild dogs on the water’s edge. Canon 5Dmk2 and Canon EF 24-105L f4 lens. Shutter speed 1/640s at f/8.0. Plus 0.33 exp comp. Iso 200
Sometimes, it happens that you are able to include wildlife in your wide-angle frame. Shooting with shorter focal lengths means that smaller animals can become tiny and insignificant in your final image, but in this case a group of wild dogs gathered together meant that the group covered a larger part of the frame. It would have been difficult to photograph just a single wild dog in the same location. Luckily, the sky had enough soft cloud in it to add interest, and I was able to compose the shot at a focal length of 55mm, including sky, clouds, reflections and wild dogs in the frame.
A dead leadwood tree illuminated up by the sun, with an approaching storm in the background. Canon 5dmk2 and Tokina 16-28 lens. Shutter speed 1/800s at f/9.0. Plus 0.67 exp comp. Iso 400.
I also really enjoy using wide-angle lenses to try and capture some of the drama that the rainy season and its attendant thunderstorms can bring. The above image of the dead leadwood tree was captured in the Okavango Delta, Botswana in the early part of the rainy season. An approaching thunderstorm had given the sky just above the horizon a dramatic, dark look to it. Fortunately, the sun was still shining on the dead tree in the foreground. Such skies add depth to an image, as well as atmosphere. It is important to take advantage of such conditions as soon as you see them though, as they can be fleeting. In this instance, just moments after I took this frame, the rolling clouds passed between us and the sun, and the gold light illuminating the foreground disappeared. For this image I stood really close to the tree, and shot at a focal length of 16mm using the Tokina AT-X 16-28 f/2.8 lens.
I find that I get my best results using wide-angles in these type of environments when the sky has added interest in it, whether that be clouds with patterns, rainbows or storm clouds. I don’t usually find that plain blue skies, nor uniformly dull, overcast skies, are as pleasing.